Rodrigues Day Gecko
A preserved specimen of the Rodrigues Day Gecko (Phelsuma edwardnewtoni). Photographed by Jurriaan Schulman. Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA

According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (version 2016.3) there are 27 reptile species that became extinct in recent years. The subjoined list contains 32 extinct reptile species and 6 reptile subspecies.

Do you know any species or subspecies that should be added to this list or has been rediscovered? If so, please contact this website.

Species

The subjoined table shows the reptile species that recently became ‘globally extinct’ (EX).

Species (32)
Scientific Name Common Name Last sighting / EED 1 TSEW status IUCN status
Alinea luciae Saint Lucia Skink 1889 (pre-1937) EX EX
Bolyeria multocarinata Round Island Burrowing Boa 1975 EX EX
Borikenophis sanctaecrucis Saint Croix Racer 1859 EX CR (PE)
Celestus occiduus Jamaican Giant Galliwasp 1840 EX EX
Chelonoidis abingdoni Abingdon Island Giant Tortoise 24 June 2012 EX EX
Chelonoidis niger Charles Island Giant Tortoise 1876 EX EX
Chelonoidis phantastica Narborough Island Giant Tortoise 1906 (1964?) EX NE
Chioninia coctei Cape Verde Giant Skink 1912 EX EX
Clelia errabunda Underwood’s Mussurana 1800s EX EX
Contomastix charrua Charrúa Whiptail 1977 EX EX
Copeoglossum redondae Redonda Skink 1863-1873 EX EX
Cyclura onchiopsis Navassa Island Iguana 1878 EX EX
Cylindraspis indica Réunion Giant Tortoise 1840s EX EX
Cylindraspis inepta Mauritius Giant Domed Tortoise 1735 EX EX
Cylindraspis peltastes Rodrigues Domed Tortoise 1795-1800 EX EX
Cylindraspis triserrata Mauritius Giant Flat-shelled Tortoise 1735 EX EX
Cylindraspis vosmaeri Rodrigues Giant Saddleback Tortoise 1795-1800 EX EX
Erythrolamprus perfuscus Barbados Racer 1963 EX EX
Hoplodactylus delcourti Delcourt’s Giant Gecko (Kawekaweau) 1870 EX EX
Leiocephalus cuneus Antiguan Curlytail Lizard After 1500 EX EX
Leiocephalus eremitus Navassa Curlytail Lizard Pre-1868 EX EX
Leiocephalus herminieri Martinique Curlytail Lizard 1837 EX EX
Leiolopisma ceciliae Réunion Giant Skink After 1500? EX NE
Leiolopisma mauritiana Mauritian Giant Skink Pre 1598 EX EX
Madatyphlops cariei Hoffstetter’s Worm Snake 1600s EX EX
Nactus soniae Réunion Night-gecko After 1500? EX NE
Phelsuma edwardnewtoni Newton’s Day-gecko 1917 EX NE
Phelsuma gigas Rodrigues Giant Day-gecko 1841-1842 EX EX
Pholidoscelis cineracea Guadeloupe Ameive 1914-1928 EX EX
Pholidoscelis major Martinique Giant Ameive 1960? EX EX
Tachygia microlepis Tonga Ground Skink 1827 EX EX
Tetradactylus eastwoodae Eastwood’s Whip Lizard 1912 or 1913 EX EX

Subspecies

The subjoined table shows the reptile subspecies that recently became ‘globally extinct’ (EX).

Subspecies (6)
Scientific Name Common Name Last sighting / EED 1 TSEW status IUCN status
Aldabrachelys gigantea daudinii Daudin’s Giant Tortoise 1840s EX NE
Gallotia simonyi simonyi Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard 1940 EX NE
Gongylomorphus bojerii bornonica Réunion Slit-eared Skink 1839 EX NE
Kinosternon hirtipes megacephalum Viesca Mud Turtle 1970 EX NE
Podarcis lilfordi rodriquezi Ratas Island lizard 1934-1936 EX NE
Podarcis sicula sanctistephani Santo Stefano lizard 1965 EX NE

Notes

  1. The Effective Extinction Date (EED) is the last reliable record of collection or observation.

References

Austin, J.J., Arnold, E.N. & Jones, C.G. (2004) Reconstructing an island radiation using ancient and recent DNA: the extinct and living day geckos (Phelsuma) of the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31, 102–109.

Day, David (1981), The Doomsday Book of Animals, Ebury Press, London.

Egnatios-Beene, J. (2002). “Cyclura cornuta” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed August 14, 2010 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cyclura_cornuta.html.

FLMNH (2010). Southern Florida Rainbow Snake. Division of Herpetology at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Downloaded on 14 August 2010 from http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herpetology/fl-guide/Faranciaeseminola.htm.

IUCN. (2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 25 December 2016).

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Márquez, C., Snell, H. L. (2011). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Reptiles – FCD Lista de especies de Reptiles de Galápagos. In: Bungartz, F., Herrera, H., Jaramillo, P., Tirado, N., Jímenez-Uzcategui, G., Ruiz, D., Guézou, A. & Ziemmeck, F. (eds.). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist – Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos: http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vertebrates/reptilia/. Last updated 07 Jul 2011.

Poulakakis, N., Glaberman, S., Russello, M., Beheregaray, L., Ciofi, C., Powell, J., Caccone, A.. (2008). Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Galapagos tortoise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:15464-15469.

Powell, R. (1999). Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35:1–13.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group [Rhodin, A.G.J., Thomson, S., Georgalis, G., Karl, H.-V., Danilov, I.G., Takahashi, A., de la Fuente, M.S., Bourque, J.R., Delfino, M., Bour, R., Iverson, J.B., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P.]. (2015). Turtles and tortoises of the world during the rise and global spread of humanity: first checklist and review of extinct Pleistocene and Holocene chelonians. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(8):000e.1–66.

Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Shaffer, H.B., Bour, R., and Rhodin, A.G.J.]. (2011). Turtles of the world, 2011 update: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 000.165–000.242, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v4.2011, http://www.iucn–tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Uetz, P., Freed, P. & Hošek, J. (eds.) (2016). The Reptile Database. http://www.reptile-database.org, accessed 25 December 2016.

Citation: Maas, P.H.J. (2017). Globally Extinct Reptiles. In: TSEW (2017). The Sixth Extinction. http://www.petermaas.nl/extinct. Downloaded on .
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Updated: 19 February 2017